Migration from Nepal to Assam

Every year thousands of Nepalies migrate from Nepal to Assam and the settle with other Nepalies in different Nepali-dominated areas.

Neapalies  became a major community in Assam which had marginalized some small indegenous tribes in Tinsukia district and other places in Assam. They  have grabbed political power by dint of Hindutwa politics. Now they claim the status of indigenous people.

Photo: Duarah at DuarDarbar Square,, Nepal during his study on migration from Assam

The Durbar square at Bhaktapur was severely damaged by an earthquake in 1934 and hence appears more spacious than the others, in Kathmandu and Patan.

Originally, there were 99 courtyards attached to this place, but now only 6 remain. Before the 1934 earthquake, there were 3 separate groups of temples. Currently, the square is surrounded by buildings that survived the quake.

On 25 April 2015, another major earthquake damaged many buildings in the square. The main temple in Bhaktapur’s square lost its roof, while the Vatsala Devi temple, famous for its sandstone walls and gold-topped pagodas, was demolished by the quake.

(Migration into Assam is not a recent phenomenon; it is an age old process since the British colonial period. However, it has occurred on a relatively larger scale in more recent decades particularly after 1971. Although migrants coming to Assam include people from the rest of India as well as from the neighboring countries of Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan, it is the second group which has been a focus of attention during last several years. The high population pressure on land drive huge influx of farm labourer from Bangladesh to Assam. The economic potentiality of the region along with reluctant nature of indigenous people and absence of capital and entrepreneurship made such immigration a vital one. Out of the total population in Assam about 3.91 percent and 2.65 percent are migrants during 1991 and 2001, of which about 1.51 per cent and 0.71 per cent constitute as the international migrants for the respective years particularly from the countries like Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan. In terms of the International migration, Bangladesh contributes the majority of the migrants (84.85% and 86.14%) followed by Nepal (6.61% and 9.39%) and Pakistan (4.45% and 3.72%) respectively during 1991 and 2001)

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